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(in' ka stik)
From the Greek enkaustikos=to burn in
What is encaustic?
Encaustic is a painting technique which combines color pigment with hot wax and resin. This mixture of materials is applied in its semi-liquid form to the panel (or other support) as paint. Then a heating device is sometimes exposed to the surface to reheat the wax and to eliminate brushstrokes or spatula marks. This step of the procedure is called "burning in".
Who invented encaustic painting?
As the term's etymology suggests, the ever-innovative ancient Greeks invented it in their glory days around the 4th century B.C. But as art history students know, the Egyptians--strongly influenced by the taste-making Greeks--popularized the technique by using it for their extraordinarily life-like mummy portraits in the period from the 1st century B.C. through the 3rd century A.D.
Why use encaustic?
This medium is not easy to use--especially for contemporary painters who are accustomed to the ease of manipulating acrylic paints. However, encaustic's advocates tout its rich, tactile texture, light-absorbing depth and beeswax fragrance. Encaustic gives a surface that is the antithesis of "slick".
Visit the studio of contemporary New Image artist Debora Gilbert Ryan
who paints almost exclusively in encaustic.
Debora Gilbert Ryan encaustic painting Brick
BIDDINGTON'S GALLERY & SHOPPING
More PEDIGREE & PROVENANCE:
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P&P: Arte Povera
P&P: Ash Can School
P&P: bronze patina
P&P: Colorfield painting
P&P: Greek columns
P&P: Conceptual Art
P&P: depression glass
P&P: Iconography & Iconology
P&P: New Image painting
P&P: Newcomb pottery
P&P: Pop Art
ABOUT THIS FEATURE
In the art & antiques world, experts bandy about arcane words as though they were part of everyone's standard vocabulary. To a fledgling collector, this practice can be maddening. In PEDIGREE & PROVENANCE, BIDDINGTON'S picks a word or phrase and gives it a good, hard going over: defining it, explaining it and showing how to use it.
Glance regularly at PEDIGREE & PROVENANCE, and soon you'll be able to toss those obscure phrases back at the experts with confidence and agility and be fully prepared to bid on items at BIDDINGTON'S upmarket, online art & antiques auctions.
CREATIVE PROCESS--Artists' Studio Visits
JAKE BIDDINGTON'S INVESTING--Financial Advice for Art Collectors
BIDDINGTON'S BENTLEY--Travel for the Art & Antiques Connoisseur MY ART--Art for Kids